1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Web site. Surveillance of Healthcare Personnel with HIV/AIDS, as of December 2002. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/bp_hiv_hp_with.html. Accessed December 30, 2007.
2. Chalmers C, Straub M. Standard principles for preventing and controlling infection. Nurs Stand. 2006 Feb 15;20(23):57-65.
3. Twitchell KT. Bloodborne pathogens. What you need to know—part I. AAOHN J. 2003 Feb;51(1):38-45.
4. Bickley LS, Szilagyi PG. Bates’ Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003:81-82.
5. Barone MA, Rowe PC. Pediatric procedures. In: McMillan JA, DeAngelis CD, Feigin RD, Warshaw JB, eds. Oski’s Pediatrics: Principles and Practice. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 1999:2274.
6. Mistovich JJ, Karren KJ, Werman HA. Prehospital Emergency Care. 8th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall; 2008:26-33.
7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Web site. Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion (DHCQP). Fact Sheet: Universal Precautions for Prevention of Transmission of HIV and Other Bloodborne Infections. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/bp_universal_precautions.html. Accessed December 30, 2007.
8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Health-Care Settings: Recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee and the HICPAC/SHE/APIC/IDSA Hand Hygiene Task Force. MMWR. 2002;51(No. RR-16):1-45.
9. Pittet D. Improving adherence to hand hygiene practice: a multidisciplinary approach. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Mar-Apr;7(2):234-240.